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水牯牛者,喜水而终生奉献于人之牛也。鄙人乐水,且尽职如牛,故以之为吾博名矣。

 
 
 

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退休赋闲自由人,含饴弄孙乐天伦。家事国事天下事,匹夫有责与时进。 弹指键盘游网络,四海交友真诚心。观光旅游潇洒过,逍遥自在度余生。

活了250岁的老人 -- 李青云  

2010-05-31 01:21:33|  分类: 13、保健养生 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

        水牯牛按:我昨日参加女儿同事邀请请的聚会,一位原藉河南洛阳的史先生,他在餐后的闲聊中,谈到了他在尔湾图书馆读到了一本杨森著的《250岁人瑞李青云》,他介绍了此人长寿的一些原因。我也对此有些兴趣,于是在网上搜索,发现此博文,也就引用了。 

引用

造极活了250岁的老人 -- 李青云

                                                                     2006年05月23日02:28 重庆晚报

  “中国最长寿的人曾在重庆开县生活过,并与当时的川军将领杨森有过交往。他不仅活了256岁,还著书立说,他就是李青云……”近日,重庆开县传媒网上一条100字的短文迅速被各大网站转载,勾起公众对李青云长寿之谜的关注。

                                                                          民间传说开县一老人活了256岁

      民间关于李青云的传说大约有出生地、年龄和与川军将领杨森的交往等内容。有的说李青云1677年出生于云南,死于1933年。他100岁时(1777年),曾因在中医中药方面的杰出成就,获得当时go-vern-ment的特别奖励。他200岁时,仍去学校讲学。
     又有传说,李青云是四川綦江(今重庆市)人,主要生活于清代。还有传说他是生于上海附近。李青云酷爱体育运动,足迹遍布四川、陕西、甘肃、河南、湖北、湖南、广西、江苏、安徽、福建,乃至新疆、西藏一带。他每到一地,都要详细考察当地的民情风俗,重点了解中老年人从事体育锻炼和气功导引活动的情况。
     关于他的年龄,据说主要是根据他1928年所撰《长生不老秘诀》一书的自述。他在书中说,长寿的关键在于健身。李青云提出用“刚柔相济,阴阳调和”的方法锻炼身体。他认为自己健康长寿的原因有三:一是长期素食;二是内心保持平静、开朗;三是常年将枸杞煮水当茶饮。
    还有一种版本是,1926年(亦说1927年),杨森驻军万县(今万州),听他的副官说开县陈家场有一位奇人李青云,有250多岁。杨森当即命副官把李青云接来万县传长寿之道。李到时,万县城万人空巷观看。他一袭蓝布长袍,一双厚黑布袜,脚穿草鞋,望之如五六十岁,目光炯炯,声若洪钟。
    据称李13岁随三位采药老者云游四海走遍天下,常年在深山老林,靠药材充饥,吃得最多的是何首乌、黄精等,一晃就是200多年。
    也有一种传说是,1926年杨森在万县主持建“森威桥”(后改为“万安桥”)时,邀李青云赴万州参加大桥落成仪式,当时万县万人空巷争相观看这位200多岁的李神仙云云。

                                                                  记者调查

    “神仙”原来是传说
     既然是一位地方传奇人物,那么史书上有没有记载呢?
    近日,记者先后到开县、万州等地图书馆、档案馆以及地方史志编纂部门和民间走访,并查阅了重庆图书馆历史文献中心的民国人物志等资料,试图找寻李青云的蛛丝马迹。
    在开县档案馆,工作人员说,民间的确有传言,李青云在开县一带活动过,但档案馆里没有找到关于此人的资料。《开县志》老编辑向明阳说,上世纪90年代,在修《开县志》时,有人送来一篇关于李青云长寿的文稿,内容与民间传说相差无几。文中记载:1806年—1814年间,李青云居开县陈家场,以采药治病为生。“因为当时提供这条史料的人无法找到更可资证明的材料,在审定此稿时编辑们认为不可作正史收录。但考虑到他是地方传奇人物,就收录到县志的‘附录’里。”
  记者来到开县陈家场,先后走访了几位70岁以上老人,得到的回答是“确有其人”,但谁也不能确证。至于李的后人更是无人知晓。
  万州区史志研究编辑办公室总编室主任黄玉华在编辑《万州志》时收集到同样的资料,但他认为不可信,就没有收录。
  那么,更早的史志上有没有记载呢?黄带记者查阅了编纂于民国二十七年(1938年)的《民国志》,均未找到李青云的踪迹。而万州图书馆里也没有关于李青云的只言片语。
  对于李青云1928年所撰《长生不老秘诀》一书,记者在三地图书馆都没有找到索引。
  而李青云1927年应杨森之邀参加万县“万安桥”落成庆典之事,记者查阅了《重庆市志—报业志》、《万县市志》(桥梁篇)等,关于“万安桥”记载中并无李与杨交往的记载。
  李青云生于我市綦江的说法也无从考证。记者托云南昆明的朋友到当地文史部门查找,也无李青云的记载。
  昨日,第三军医大学遗传教研室王燕副教授认为,人活到256岁是不可能的。她说,理论上,人的寿命在140岁左右,但由于环境、疾病等因素影响,人一般活不到那么久。
  记者袁尚武文/图网络编辑:孔祥伟


======================================================================

                                                     开县长寿老人李青云之谜
                                               [ 2008-12-11 8:10:00 | By: 逆流的鱼 ] 
 
        推荐 民国二十年《万州日报》曾载“开县二百七十三岁老人李青云”,一时轰动全川。1986年《气功》杂志第六期又刊载开县籍人刘成勋所写“忆二百五十六岁的长寿老人李庆远”(即李青云)的文章。笔者利用参与编修地方志之便,对李青云在开县的活动情况,广为收集,现将所得资料加以整理,供有兴趣者参考。
        李青云,原名陈远昌,籍贯不详,传说是上海附近的人,又说原籍云南省。约在清嘉庆二十五年(1820)前单身一人来到开县陈家场上。李身材魁伟,体态肥胖,秃头无发,皮肤光滑无皱纹,肌肉结实,来时约摸五十有余岁年纪。但自称已一百五十多岁(一说九十多岁到开县定居),在一百年前来过开县,能讲出陈家场附近百年前的人名和情况。李会武功,以卖草药为生,先借住于陈家乡石龙村(现龙凤村),后移往开县(现兼善乡平和村),并娶妻向氏,定居于此。李生活习惯异于常人,不饮酒\ 不喝茶\ 不抽烟,吃饭定时定量,早睡早起;闲时闭目静坐,两手置于膝上,昂首挺胸,几个小时一动也不动;左手蓄长指甲,常用小竹管套在手
指上保护指甲,长至六寸左右即剪下置于木匣内保存,李死时有指甲壳一小匣;平时寡言少语,从不谈及无关的话。别人问及年龄,仅答两百多岁。究竟生于何朝\ 何年\ 何地?均无人知晓。他虽娶妻,但不同居,仅让为其洗衣\ 煮饭而已。李擅长眼科和骨伤科,1920年雇用十四岁的少年向此阳为其挑药担,常年游乡治病,对富有人家收取高额药费供养全家生活。李闲时常到高桥附近穿心店约人打牌,他每次都输一百二十文左右,让牌友赢够当天饭食钱。李对人厚道,从不发怒,,故邻人多愿与之相处,均尊称他为李二老师(因曾有一个自称是他哥哥的老人从上海来陈家场探望过他)。

        民国十六年(1927),李云青应四川军阀杨森的邀请去万县传授养身之道。杨森对李敬若上宾,为李特制全身新衣,请照相馆照相放大陈列在橱窗里,标明“开县二百五十岁老人李青云肖相,民国十六年春三月摄于万州”。一时之间省内各报竞相作为奇闻报道,轰动全川。因李讲不出养身奥秘,不久即送返家。民国二十年(1931)《万州日报》九月十五日又载:“开县二百七十三岁老人李青云,已于前晚由陈家场到万,住李家花园。老人系应王师长之邀到万的,在万期间,老人谈了长生之道只一静字。李于此次去万返家后二年(1933年,癸酉)病逝,葬于开县长沙镇义学村李家湾。

       李青云在开县生活的时间约一百一十多年,传奇性故事颇多。如传说他是太平天国石达开手下的将领,随石达开来到四川。石达开在大渡河全军覆没,陈远昌就改名李青云,乔装草药医生逃到开县陈家场一带避难,他能讲很多太平天国的战斗故事。(注:石达开在大渡河被俘是1863年,而李早40多年来到开县)又说他会水火二遁,也能遁来钱物,因此他买药虽挣钱不多,但家用不乏。长期打牌只输不赢也未见过缺钱用。还传说他善相法。曾有开县南门人张骥若年轻时,李算定张将来要当大官,约定算准了以后,以两石谷子作酬谢。后来张当了四川军阀的旅长,果真送了他两石谷子酬谢。

       四川省高县庆符镇八十老人胡英华先生在1986年献出他保存的李青云照片,还提供书面资料记叙李青云壮年时入山采药。持刀拒虎的壮举和掘得形似人头的灵芝草,以及后来杨森为李祝寿的故事。现住常州市成全巷24号的开县籍八十七岁老人刘成勋先生在1986年《气功杂志第6 期沙锅上也发表回忆李(误为李庆远)的文章。

       李青云不是开县土生土长的人,他的确年龄和来开县前的经历仅凭自己所讲,无从考查。加之民间口头流传,添油加醋,越来越神秘,这才引起大军阀杨森的兴趣,以至有聘请他去万县传授养身之道及登报照相等事。

        李青云究竟有多大岁数?至今仍是个难解的秘。据现已经掌握的资料证明,李青云至少有170 岁无疑。李青云来开县后雇佣的挑药担子的少年向此阳,是现在住在长沙镇李家湾人黎广松的外公,生于1806年,活了九十三岁,死于1899年。那时,李青云还健在。向此阳十四岁为李挑药担子,李当时象个五十多岁的老人,以此推算,李青云生年应该在乾隆二十五年1760)年左右,死于1933年,至少活了170 年。李死后的丧事由黎广松经办。当时黎广松三十岁,所见的李的形象也不是衰老不堪之相。如依照向此阳以及其后人所见到的李的形象,结论李170 多岁也符合一般规律。对《万县日报》登的270 多岁值得怀疑。

                                                                                                        ( 开县政协)


 

 

Li Ching-Yuen, The Amazing 250 Year-Old Man
When the Chinese herbalist Li Ching-Yuen died in 1933, newspapers around the world reported the news of his passing. According to his own testimony, he was 197 years old.

An investigation, however, suggested Li had forgotten his actual birthday. Official government records recorded the birth year as 1677, making him 256. Here is a copy of the obituary as printed in the New York Times on May 6, 1933:

LI CHING-YUN DEAD; GAVE HIS AGE AS 197.

“Keep a Quiet Heart, Sit Like a Tortoise, Sleep Like a Dog,” His Advice for a Long Life.

Reported to have buried 23 wives and had 180 descendents – sold herbs for first 100 years.

活了250岁的老人 -- 李青云 - 造极 - 沐鱼石
       1933年,中国的草药医生李青云离开了人世,一时之间,世界各地的报纸争相报道了他去世的消息。根据他自己生前的陈述来看,这位老人活了197岁。

        但是,一份调查资料显示,李青云因为活得太久,忘了自己出生的年月。而根据官府的记录,李青云出生于1677年,这样一来的话,他总共活了256岁。1933年5月6日,美国时代周刊登出了他的讣告,这里有一份样本。

        李青云逝世;享年197岁。

“心境平和,坐当如龟、行当如鹤、卧当如犬。”就是李青云长寿的秘诀。

        调查显示他实际有256岁。

一生娶妻23人,有子孙后代180人——在前半辈子里,他卖过100年草药


        据报道,李清雲隐迹仙去是在1933年,256岁,如果活到现在刚好就是300多岁,不知道白纸所见的跟李清云是否同一人?

       国内地仙李清雲的报道极少,他当年的故事因众所周知的原因被解放后的地方志以及各种史书故意忽略

        只有在维基百科还有一篇介绍他的文章,可惜是英文,
                           http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Li_Qing_Yuen


Li Ching-Yuen, photographed in 1927 at the residence of General Yang Sen
Born 1677 or 1734?
Szechuan, China
Died May 6, 1933 (aged 256?)
Szechuan, China

Li,Ching-Yuen or Li,Ching-Yun (traditional Chinese: 李清雲; pinyin: lǐ qīng yún; born 1677 or after died May 6, 1933) was a Chinese herbalist, martial artist and tactical advisor. He claimed to be born in 1734, while disputed records suggest 1677. Both alleged lifespans of 199 and 256 years far exceed the longest confirmed lifespan of 122 years and 164 days.

       longevity

The article "Tortoise-Pigeon-Dog", from the May 15, 1933 issue of Time reports on his history, since it included Li Ching-Yuen's answer to his secret of a long life:

  • Keep a quiet heart
  • Sit like a tortoise
  • Walk sprightly like a pigeon
  • Sleep like a dog

Li Ching-Yuen was supposedly born in 1677 in Qi Jiang Xian, Szechuan province. He spent most of his life in the mountain ranges gathering herbs and knowledge of longevity methods. In 1749, when he was 71 years old, he moved to Kai Xian to join the Chinese army as a teacher of the martial arts and as a tactical advisor.

In 1927, Li Ching Yuen was invited by General Yang Sen to visit him in Wan Xian, Szechuan. The general was fascinated by his youthfulness, strength and prowess in spite of his advanced age. His famous portrait was photographed there. Returning home, he died a year later. Some say of natural causes, while others claim that he told friends that "I have done all I have to do in this world. I will now go home," before he died.

After Li's death, General Yang Sen investigated the truth about his claimed background and age. He wrote a report that was later published. In 1933, people interviewed from his home province remembered seeing him when they were children, and that he hadn't aged much during their lifetime. Others reported that he had been friends with their grandfathers.

It is unlikely that Yuen's actual lifespan will ever be firmly established. While it is not likely that his claimed age of a quarter millennium is true, the census documentation of the rural 17th century China is so sparse with comparison to modern records as to make any sort of successful investigation impossible. As there is only a single firmly documented case of an individual living over 120 years, and only a handful of cases of males living to 110, the legend of Li Ching Yuen is currently set in the category of longevity myths rather than fact. According to the legend, during the course of his lifetime he had 23 wives and about 200 descendants.

By contrast, the longest confirmed, documentable lifespan is of a French woman, Jeanne Louise Calment, who died in 1997 at the age of 122 years, less than half the lifespan of Yuen's alleged age.

Li's obituary was printed in The New York Times, Time Magazine, and other publications. The Time magazine article stated that in 1930 Professor Wu Chung-chieh, from Chengdu University, found records from the Chinese Imperial Government congratulating Li Ching Yuen in his 150th birthday in 1827.

One of his disciples, the Taiji Quan Master Da Liu told of Master Li's story: at 130 years old Master Li encountered an older hermit in the mountains who taught him Baguazhang and a set of Qigong with breathing instructions, movements training coordinated with specific sounds, and dietary recommendations. Da Liu reports that his master said that his longevity "is due to the fact that I performed the exercises every day - regularly, correctly, and with sincerity - for 120 years."

Dr. Yang Jwing-Ming, in his book "Muscle/Tendon Changing and Marrow/Brain Washing Qigong", says that Li Ching-Yuen was a Chinese herbalist skilled in Qigong who spent most of his life in the mountains. In 1927, the National Revolutionary Army General Yang Sen (揚森), invited him to his residence in Wann Hsien, Szechuan province, where the picture shown in this article was taken.

Chinese General Yang Sen wrote a report about him, "A Factual Account of the 250 Year-Old Good-Luck Man", where he described Li Ching Yuen's appearance: "He has good eyesight and a brisk stride; Li stands seven feet tall, has very long fingernails, and a ruddy complexion."

Stuart Alve Olson wrote in 2002 the book "Qigong Teachings of a Taoist Immortal: The Eight Essential Exercises of Master Li Ching Yuen". In this book he teaches the practice of the "Eight Brocade Qigong" learned with the Taiji Quan Master T. T. Liang (Liang Tung Tsai), who learned it from the General Yang Sen.

The praticants of Jiulong Baguazhang, also known as Nine Dragon Eight Diagram Palm, claims that his art was conceived by the Daoist sage Li Ching Yuen.

The Taoist Master Liu Pai Lin (劉百齡), who lived in S?o Paulo, Brazil from 1975 until 2000, had in his classroom another photograph of Master Li Ching Yuen unknown in occident. In this photo his face is clearly visible, as are his long and curled fingernails. Master Liu had met him personally in China, and considered him as one of his Masters. He used to say that Master Li answered to him that the fundamental taoist practice is to learn to keep the "Emptiness" (Wu Wei). Master Liu's son, Master Liu Chih Ming, teaches the 12 Silks Qigong in CEMETRAC, as transmitted by Master Li.

Many cultures around the world, particularly in India, Tibet and China, tell of remarkable longevity achieved by spiritual (yogic and taoist) adepts. Yogananda's "Autobiography of a Yogi" with Immortal sage, Babaji and Peter Kelder's "The Ancient Secret of the Fountain of Youth" being examples.

Li Ching Yuen is also reported to be a real Chinese herbalist, proponent of the use of wild reishi, wild ginseng, he shou wu and gotu kola along with other Chinese herbs to achieve longevity.

An interesting sidelight was thrown upon the unique properties of Gotu Kola by a 107-year-old Indian sage named Nanddo Narian, who claimed that the herb provides the missing ingredient in a man's diet, without which he can never control disease or decay. He found it to be, in practice, the finest of all herbal tonics and nutrients.

 

  • [1] "Tortoise-Pigeon-Dog" Article From the May 15, 1933 issue of Time magazine.
  • [2] "Qigong Teachings of a Taoist Immortal: The Eight Essential Exercises of Master Li Ching Yuen" by Stuart Alve Olson (Amazon Books).
  • [3] Account from the book on taoist yoga, "Muscle/Tendon Changing and Marrow/Brain Washing Chi Kung" by Dr. Yang Jwing-Ming (1989).
  • [4] Excerpt from Dr. Yang Jwing-Ming's book, from YMAA's site.
  • [5] A Story of Master Li.
  • [6] More on Li Ching-Yuen - from Da Liu.
  • [7] Google Answers - Longevity.
  • [8] Jiulong Baguazhang, also known as Nine Dragon Eight Diagram Palm, conceived by the Daoist sage Li Ching Yuen.
  • [9] The History of Jiulong Baguazhang.
  • [10] Li Ching-Yuen: the most famous user of Gotu Kola (known in China as fo-ti-tieng).
  • [11] Wong Kiew Kit answer's to readers questions (question number ten is about Li Ching-Yuen).
  • [12] Portuguese Wikipedia's Article about the Taoist Master Liu Pai Lin.
  • [13] (Portuguese) CEMETRAC - Centro de Estudos da Medicina Tradicional e Cultura Chinesa.
  • [14] Li Ching Yuen obituary as printed in the New York Times.

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